# What Invalidates an Elliott Wave?

Elliott believed that emotions within markets expressed themselves through repetitive patterns. If one could identify these patterns, one could understand what drove their market.

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## Wave 1

Wave 1 marks the initial sign that an existing trend has ended and a new one has begun. At first, news can often be disappointing and many participants become bearish; however, by wave 2, most markets have entered a bullish trend.

As a general guideline, the second wave correction cannot be the shortest in its sequence and must never overlap with wave 1’s starting point. Furthermore, it should be remembered that zigzag corrections typically retrace less than flat ones.

A flat is a sideways correction that consists of three A-B-C patterns subdivided by Elliott Wave theory’s 5-3-5 rule. This formation can often be difficult to spot because its characteristics do not mirror that of a typical zigzag in terms of both sharpness and duration.

## Wave 2

Wave 2 in an Elliott wave sequence typically resembles a sharp countertrend correction that does not overlap with either wave 1. Furthermore, it should adhere to an established rule known as alternation.

The rule of alternation states that waves of similar magnitude tend to take alternate forms, helping traders determine if an Elliott wave count is valid.

Elliott wave principle provides an invaluable service: invalidation levels for your trade setups. These provide crucial indicators when your trades have gone against you and need to be closed out as well as providing you with an exact spot to place protective stop loss orders.

## Wave 3

Elliott waves are fractals like seashells or snowflakes. This means that each wave can be further divided into smaller Elliot waves to give traders a deeper understanding of the market.

Elliot Wave practitioners use various guidelines to recognize potential Elliott wave patterns. One such guideline is called the rule of alternation, which states that corrective waves must alternate between simple and complex forms throughout its time span.

Rule of proportion (commonly referred to as Fibonacci ratio) is another popular guideline, which states that corrective wave length must equal its respective impulsive wave.

## Wave 4

Elliott Wave theory is an influential form of technical analysis utilized by traders. It is used to identify patterns in price movements that recur over and over again; however, it cannot provide certainty about future market action; rather it helps order probabilities based on certain rules (for instance: A wave 2 correction cannot overlap with its preceding wave 1).

Rule #3 states that a running flat Elliott wave pattern usually features three internal waves with three-three-three and five-five configurations and tends to retrace less than 38.2% of Wave 3 in practice; traders should not become discouraged; instead they should continue monitoring this wave pattern as closely as possible.

## Wave 5

The Elliott Wave Theory is a method of technical market analysis that uses price patterns to detect recurrences on any timescale ranging from minutes and hours up to several years or decades. It’s widely employed by traders in commodities, stocks and currencies markets who rely on charts and technical indicators when making trading decisions.

One of the most frequent errors in Elliott Wave analysis is miscounting corrective waves. A small breach in Wave 1 extreme can invalidate an Elliott Wave count altogether.

Corrective waves should generally not reach the end of a previous one; rather, they should be smaller than its precursor and retrace at least 38% of its length – often featuring leading diagonals as part of their composition.