What is the IRS Code for an IRA?

IRS rules regarding IRAs can be complex, so always consult a tax expert when opening one.

IRAs allow investors to invest in assets like real estate, horses and intellectual property – although care must be taken not to engage in any unlawful transactions.

Use code H for direct rollover of a Roth account distribution and code G for direct payment.


Individual Retirement Accounts are created to help save for retirement. Contributions made towards traditional IRAs may be tax-deductible while contributions made after tax to Roth IRAs can be after-tax and withdrawals tax free at retirement time.

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) can also be used to invest in collectibles such as art, rugs, antiques, metals, gems, stamps and coins – however if funds are withdrawn for any other purposes than one of the exceptions listed below they will incur taxes and penalties.

Use code K for distributions from an IRA that include both nondeductible contributions and earnings, corrective distributions of excess deferrals, excess contributions or excess aggregate contributions that were not reported taxable prior year (unless you used code P instead ). When making distributions from a designated Roth account use code B with starting date of Roth clock in Box 11 and principal contribution amount in Box 10. When dispersing annuities, life or long-term care insurance contracts under combined arrangements code C should be used instead.


An Individual Retirement Account, or IRA for short, allows you to accumulate interest and earnings that accumulate tax-deferred until they’re withdrawn from the account. Traditional IRA contributions must fall within your taxable compensation – which could include wages and salaries, commissions, tips bonuses or net income from self-employment – so as to be tax-efficient.

IRS Form 1099-R requires that multiple distribution codes are reported when making tax distributions to traditional or SIMPLE IRA participants or beneficiaries receiving lump-sum distributions from traditional or SIMPLE IRA accounts, or their beneficiaries, under tax option A or G respectively, using direct rollover/direct payment when these actions take place directly by plan participants or owners converting non-Roth qualified retirement plans or assets directly into another qualified plan, or making in-plan Roth conversions.

Use code J, Early Distribution with No Known Exception, when taking an early distribution prior to age 59 1/2 without using either Q or T as exceptions. Also apply this code when disbursing due to separation from service using one of the withdrawal penalty tax exceptions: first-time homebuyer expenses, education expenses or disability.


Your Form 1099-R, Distributions from Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs and Insurance Contracts provides the IRS with information regarding various distribution types from an IRA account. These codes may also be combined with other codes.

Use code N to recharacterize part of an IRA contribution made in 2020 that has already been made (known as same-year recharacterization). You should only apply this code if the recharacterization took place within the same calendar year (known as “same-year recharacterization”).

Use code A for IRA distributions that could qualify for the 10-year tax option, available to participants born before January 2, 1936 and their beneficiaries who meet certain conditions as described in SS 1.408A-4 A-1. Furthermore, use this code when rolling over from designated Roth accounts into Roth IRAs directly.


IRA accounts offer non-recourse loans to qualified individuals and entities, offering investors another investment option with tax deferral benefits without having to invest directly into real estate.

Utilising an IRA to borrow funds can be immensely advantageous, provided it’s done correctly. When borrowing from an IRA there are specific rules you must abide by to do it effectively.

Typically, retirement accounts can only be withdrawn without penalty after reaching age 59 1/2 or if they fall under one of several exceptions such as unreimbursed medical expenses, health insurance following unemployment or home purchase costs. If this option interests you, reach out to one of SouthStar Bank’s lending specialists who can prequalify an IRA loan so you know your options.

Raymond Banks Administrator
Raymond Banks is a published author in the commodity world. He has written extensively about gold and silver investments, and his work has been featured in some of the most respected financial journals in the industry. Raymond\\\'s expertise in the commodities market is highly sought-after, and he regularly delivers presentations on behalf of various investment firms. He is also a regular guest on financial news programmes, where he offers his expert insights into the latest commodity trends.

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